Bergmann vineyard, 1919
American Forces in Germany

After the war

[Rhineland, 1918] Millions of soldiers had fallen, hundreds of thousands of people had starved to death, and the young republic was struggling against crushing burdens. There was much hunger, housing shortages and pauperization.

Elections 1919, spartacists in Berlin
American Forces in Germany

Germany in turmoil

[Germany, 1918/19] In the following weeks Kathi and Max often met. They were fond of each other, and at Christmas, the Bergmanns invited him to their home. Much was happening in these days, and they […]

National Assembly at Weimar, 1919
American Forces in Germany

Weimar and Versailles

[Germany, 1919] On February 6, 1919, the National Assembly met at the National Theater in Weimar, because fighting continued in Berlin. this venue has given the first German Republic its name.

Ehrenbreitstein 1919
American Forces in Germany

American Forces in Coblenz

[Rhineland, autumn 1919] Chiara in America was relieved that the war was finally over. But still her husband John and his comrades were in Europe.

Canadian soldier, Bonn 1920
American Forces in Germany

A family reunion after the war

[Rhineland, autumn 1919] By the end of September, fraternization was finally allowed, and both Germans and American soldiers seemed pleased.

Königswinter, black-red-gold flag
American Forces in Germany


[Rhineland, spring 1920] After their first meeting in Bonn, the awkwardness between Chiara and John and the German Bergmanns quickly disappeared. They talked on the phone, Chiara sent photos of her children, her mother Amber and […]

Demonstration against Kapp and Lüttwitz
American Forces in Germany

Kapp-Putsch and Red Ruhr Army

[Germany, March 1920] The first years of the young republic were civil war like. The deep division of the country, the hatred and the readiness for violence also depressed Kathi and Max.

American Forces in Germany

“November Criminals”

[Germany, August 1921] At the end of August, a black fabric rosette hung in the window of the “Stübchen”, next to it a black-red-golden one. A few days ago, on August 26, 1921, Matthias Erzberger had […]

Vineyard worker 1921
American Forces in Germany


Chiara and John go back to the US. Farewell family reunion.

Ehrenbreitsteinstein, Coblence, 1919
American Forces in Germany


Major General Allen, Ambassador Houghton. Final chapter.